Citations are like road maps to the source of the information.
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What is a citation?
Citations are what you find in bibliographies. Cite any idea or quote that comes from resources that you used in your research. It will provide your reader with the information needed to identify your source.
A citation of a book generally includes: author(s), title, publisher, date.
A citation of an article generally includes: author(s), article title, magazine title, volume, pages, and date.
Citations for web documents and articles from databases may include a URL and the date the information was accessed.
Why cite sources?
It's important to cite sources you use in your research for several reasons:
“Citing Sources: Overview.” MIT Libraries, 2017, http://libguides.mit.edu/citing.
Which citation style should I use?
Use MLA style for classes in the humanities or if your instructor recommends it. MLA has been updated to the 8th edition. Make sure you use the version required by your professor.
Use APA style for classes in the social sciences of if your instructor recommends it. APA is up to a 6th edition.
Use Chicago for classes in history or if your instructor recommends it. Chicago is up to a 16th edition.
Use ASA for classes in sociology if your instructor recommends it.
Use Vancouver for classes in the health fields if your instructor recommends it.