|The American Sociological Association Style Guide is used by students who are studying sociology.
The Style Guide is now in its 5th edition.
When you document your sources using the style of the American Sociological Association, you have to use parenthetical citations within the body of your paper and a Reference page at the end of your paper.
In-text parenthetical citations: Whenever you use a quotation, a paraphrase, or a summary, you should give the author’s last name (or the title if no author is included) and the year in parentheses; if no date is provided, use the abbreviation “N.d.” for no date. You should also add the page number if you are using a quotation from a printed source. A parenthetical source for a quotation from a printed source might look like this: (Hammond 2010:42). This indicates that the source was published in 2010 and the information quoted came from page 42.
End-of-paper citations: A Reference page usually includes four basic types of information: first, the author (last name, first initial); second, the date of publication (year); third, the title (in regular type for a short work, such as an article, and in italics for a long work, such as a newspaper, magazine, journal, or book) with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized (the first word after a colon is also capitalized); and, fourth, the publication information (which varies somewhat from one source to another). Also, if you are using an online source, such as a web page or a database, you should indicate the date of retrieval and the online address or the name of the database. Note, too, citations are double spaced with the first line on the margin, and subsequent lines indented five spaces.
In-text parenthetical citations: Whenever you use a quotation, a paraphrase, or a summary, you should give the author’s last name (or the title if no author is included) in parentheses; you should also add the page number if you’re using a printed source. A parenthetical source might look like this for an author (Hammond 2012:42) or like this for a title (MLA Handbook).
Perry, Kate. 2006.“Picketing Firefighter Makes Few Friends.” Times Union [Albany,
NY], November 10, B3.
Parenthetical/In-text Citation: (Perry 2006). If the author’s name is mentioned in the
sentence, only the year of publication needs to be provided in the in-text citation. If a direct quote is used, the page number must be provided, as well: (Perry 2006:B3).
Introduce the material being cited with a signal phrase that includes the author’s name. Example: HVCC Librarian, Mary Ellen Bolton (2013), points out that students who do not use libraries often find frustration in their research efforts. Otherwise, provide the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses. Example: (Bolton 2013).
Book with no author listed (start with the title)
Style Guide: American Sociological Association. 2010. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association.
Book (one author)
Mallon, Thomas. 1989. Stolen Words: Forays into the Origins and Ravages of York: Ticknor and Fields.
Book (more than one author):
Lathrop, Ann and Kathleen Foss. 2000. Student Cheating and Plagiarism in the Internet Era. Englewood, CO:
Article, chapter, or essay in an edited book/anthology:
Crews, Harry. 2009. “Why I Live Where I Live.” Pp. 307-10 in The Short Prose Reader. 12th ed., edited by G.H.
Muller and H.S. Wiener. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Article/entry from a reference book (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Cooper, John M. “Socrates.” Pp. 8-19 in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Vol. 9, edited
by E. Craig. New York: Routledge.
E-book (from the web):
Thurston, Colleen. 1989. Run On. Retrieved November 14, 2007 (http://www.google.com).
E-book (from a library database or catalog):
McKenzie, Earl. 2009. Philosophy in the West Indian Novel. Retrieved June 25, 2010 (http://www.ebray.com)
Article from a journal (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Giaquinto, Richard A. 2009-2010. “Instructional Issues and Retention of First-Year Students.”
Journal of College Student Retention 11(2): 267-85.
Note: “11” is the volume number, and “2” is the issue number.
Article from a magazine (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Posnanski, Joe. 2009. “The Running Back, the Cheerleader, and What Came after the Greatest
College Football Game Ever.” Sports Illustrated, December 28, pp.58-64.
Article from a newspaper (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Nearing, Brian. 2009. “State Energy Plan: Less Is More.” Times Union [Albany, NY], December
16, pp. D1-D2.
Journal article from a database (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Rice, D. Talbot. 1939. “Byzantine Pottery.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):12-19. (Retrieved
from JSTOR on May 10, 2010.) Weeks, Jennifer. 2013. "Coastal Development." CQ Researcher 23 (8):181-204,
February 22. (Retrieved from CQ Researcher Online on May 12, 2014.)
Newspaper article from a database (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Lipsyte, Robert. 2010. "An Athlete with No Illusions about Steroids." New York Times, August
22, p. 10. (Retrieved from Academic Search Complete on November 9, 2011.)
Article from a database (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Shiva, Vandana. 2008. "Biotechnology and Agribusiness Create Cultural and EconomicDevastation." The Global
Food Crisis. Ed. Uma Kukathas. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Current Controversies. Rpt. from Vandana Shiva,
“Why We Face Both Food and Water Crises." Alternet. 2008. (Retrieved from Opposing Viewpoints in Context on May
Article from a website (if no author is listed, start with the title):
Smith, Kelsey Anne. 2013. “Increase in Plagiarism among College Students Thought to be Caused by Technology.” The
Guardian, January 10. Retrieved April 10, 2014 (http://www.theguardianonline.com/news/2013/01/10/increase-
Article from a website with a corporate author:
National Institute of Mental Health. 2013. “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).” Retrieved June 6, 2014
Eastwood, Clint. 2004. Million Dollar Baby. 2004. Warner Brothers.
Note: Clint Eastwood is the director and Warner Brothers is the production company for the film.